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ESL forum > Grammar and Linguistics > Passive voice structure    

Passive voice structure



poroxod
Uzbekistan

Passive voice structure
 
Dear colleagues, which answer is correct here? Can you explain it and show the grammar source? To my mind, two answers are correct here A) to be planted and C) to have been planted.
 
What is your opinion?
 

The prizes for the champions were wreaths from a sacred olive tree that was said … by Heracles.

A) to be planted                   B) to plant     

C) to have been planted       D) to being planted

26 Feb 2017      



pilarnavarro
Spain

In my opinion, the most suitable answer would be "to have been planted".
Since the whole sentence is connected with an action in the past,  the perfect passive infinitive should be the right answer here (People said that that olive tree had been planted by Heracles)
 

26 Feb 2017     



jfaraujo
Portugal

I agree with Pilar.
The whole sentence is about something that happened in the past, so the right answer should be C because it is the perfect passive infitive.
The other options don t make sense gramatically. 

26 Feb 2017     



douglas
United States

C

27 Feb 2017     



cunliffe
United Kingdom

Yes, C is the best answer in British English. To help rationalise it, express the sentence actively. 
It was said that Heracles had planted the tree.
 
I ve a feeling you could get away with It was said that Heracles planted the tree in American English, which would legitimise answer A, but  I m not sure. 

27 Feb 2017     



redcamarocruiser
United States

C is the only correct answer in American English, as well. One can check the possibilities here

27 Feb 2017     



bhau
India

I too agree with all, the answer is C.
 

27 Feb 2017     



bhau
India

I too agree with all, the answer is C.
 

27 Feb 2017