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ESL forum > Techniques and methods in Language Teaching > Task-based approach    

Task-based approach


Task-based approach

What is the characteristics of task-based approach? Does anyone have experience in  this methodology ? What are the pros and cos ?  

29 Nov 2009      

Maha Alawdat

The word approach in teaching refers to a set of beliefs which affects decisions such as what to teach and how. There are 4 approaches: Content-based approach, Language Appreciation approach, Personal Response approach , Language Practice approach.
I know it as "The Content-Based approach", which is appropriate for more advanced, older students, especially in L1, is best avoided when teaching literature to elementary and junior-high EFL students certain elements of the Content-Based approach are important � such as the connections made between literary texts/authors and their social and historical contexts and the use of meta-language for talking about literary language devices and their effects on meaning.  It is to be hoped, however, that the lecture and spoon-feeding characteristics of the approach will be avoided.

Similarly, though literature may well be exploited for heightening language awareness and enriching vocabulary knowledge, it is recommended to assign these aspects a secondary role in the teaching of literature, unless awareness of them is crucial to understanding the text. In any case, it is recommended that focus on language forms in literature take a secondary role, after focussing on meanings of the text, rather than a central role as seen in the Language Practice approach.

In EFL classes it is extremely important to help students make connections between the chosen literature and their own lives. Techniques from the Personal Response approach help teachers achieve this aim. It is also important to build up students � confidence in interpreting literature by teaching helpful thinking skills and tips for understanding literary devices, and then letting them work in pairs or small groups to make discoveries and work out meanings. This is the role of activities associated with the Language Appreciation approach.
In fact I worked with my teachers on these approaches and applied it on a poem. If you are interested I can upload it.
Hope I clarified it

29 Nov 2009     

United States

Hello "conterr�nea"!

Personally, I prefer PPP than tbl but the concept is quite easy.

* The aim of the lesson is for the Ss to complete the task.
* You start w/ a discussion.
* You give the Ss tasks to do.
* You and your Ss dicuss the problems w/ the new language
* Lastly, you give a new exercise w/ the new language.

That �s it!

29 Nov 2009     


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