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ESL forum > Grammar and Linguistics > Gerund or infinitive?    

Gerund or infinitive?



mailis
Greece

Gerund or infinitive?
 
Dear All,

I am teaching īgerund or infinitive ī and i have a question. After "would" should we always use infinitive? For example the verb "like" is followed by gerund or infinitive without changing the meaning of the sentence. However, in the following sentence:

"I wouldn īt like to lose my job" is  correct rather than "I wouldn īt like losing my job" because of "would"

...correct me if I īm wrong

thank you in advance for your help!

23 Jan 2010      



serene
Greece

Would and should are always followed by a bare infinitive (without to). In your sentence e.g. wouldn īt is followed by like (bare infinitive).
 
The expression would like (want to) is followed by the infinitive.

23 Jan 2010     



PhilipR
Thailand

Both are possible according to me. Instead of Swan, let me refer to the highly accurate and scientific Googlefight...

23 Jan 2010     



volga
United States

I agree with Philip. I would even say that to me -ing form sounds better here, i.e. that īs what I would use.

Oh, well, according to Googlefight, I would lose. But I would also lose if I said īmy friend and I ī instead of īme and my friend ī. All this proves is that people don īt speak in accordance with prescribed grammars.

The language shapes us and we shape the language we use.

Cheers!

23 Jan 2010     



anitarobi
Croatia

I wouldn īt like to lose my job... - is a prospect in the future, whereas I like swimming... is a completely different type of statement (likes and dislikes in everyday life). In this second case you can practically also say I like to swim. without changing the meaning. The first sentence, the job one, is conditioned by would, as Serene says. So the rule you mention 
For example the verb "like" is followed by gerund or infinitive without changing the meaning of the sentence., like all rules, depends on the situation. (I even had a professor at the university who taught us that I like swimming. refers to the joy of swimming, whereas we should use I like to swim. as in I think it wise/healthier etc. to swim (than to e. g. play tennis).

23 Jan 2010