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ESL forum > Grammar and Linguistics > Past progressive    

Past progressive



Tali G
Israel

Past progressive
 
Hello all! Can anybody help me with a grammar question? 

"After carefully listening to both sides of the story, he came to a decision." 

Would the word "listening" here be past progressive or is past progressive limited to the "to be" verb aka "was listening"? If it isn ´t past progressive- what is it?

19 Jul 2012      



LuciaRaposo
Portugal

I beleive that when you have a preposition - after - the verb should come with ing.
It ´s not the past progressive... it ´s an infinitive

19 Jul 2012     



dalia morsy
Egypt

it isn ´t progressive or infinitive. It is gerund i.e inf.+ing.Gerund is used as nouns after prepositions, after another verb  and at beginning of sentences eg: I ´m fed up with watching T.V. / I hate travelling./ swimming is my favourite hobby.

19 Jul 2012     



yanogator
United States

dalia has a good explanation.
 
Bruce

19 Jul 2012     



chalii
Pakistan

in my opinion the sentence will be like
 after careful listening" instead of after carefully "

19 Jul 2012     



yanogator
United States

chalii,
Both versions are correct, with a very slight difference in feeling. In the original, "carefully listening" emphasizes the process, very much like the progressive/continuous tenses. In your version, "careful listening" functions very solidly as a noun, emphasizing the result, rather than the process.
 
Bruce

19 Jul 2012     



sadeel
Palestine

it ´s gerund, i think Dalia is right.

19 Jul 2012     



ldthemagicman
United Kingdom

Dear Tali G,

I agree with Bruce

It is the ‘ing’ form, which can be used as a Progressive verb, (He is listening to the radio); an adjective, (The teacher set a listening exercise); an adverb, (He walked around listening): or a noun, (Listening to loud noises damages the ear-drums).

In some circumstances grammarians dislike using the terms Present Participle and Gerund, because they can mislead the student, so they use The ‘ing’ Form.

Dalia Morsy has given a good explanation.

In this instance, the ‘ing form is used as a noun.

"After carefully listening to both sides of the story, he came to a decision".

This sentence is equivalent to:

“After a careful listening to both sides of the story, he came to a decision”.

“After his careful listening to both sides of the story, he came to a decision”.

“After the action of carefully listening to both sides of the story, he came to a decision”.

The following is not good English, but it illustrates the ‘noun’ aspect of the clause.

“After an attentive ‘listen’ to both sides of the story, he came to a decision”.

 

I hope that this helps.

Les

19 Jul 2012     



Tali G
Israel

Thanks for the help everyone! I ´m having a bit of trouble with the practical application of all the rules (I ´m a native speaker, I couldn ´t have told you the names of most of the tenses with a gun to my head until I started studying EFL). 
Does anyone have a website which they might be able to recommend as a good go-to for these kinds of questions?
Again, thanks for taking the time to help!
Tali

19 Jul 2012