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ESL forum > Grammar and Linguistics > test    

test



ttopcu
Turkey

test
 
hi,
please help which one is correct and why?
1:) ı wish .......... Sarah this afternoon as ı feel too tired to go out.
a.)hadtn t met
b:)won t be meeting
c.)wasn t meeting
d.)am not meeting
2:)How is the money ...................... at the ball going to be spent?
a.)raised
b.)to raise
c.)raising
d.)to have raised
 

1 Jan 2013      



ttopcu
Turkey

explain it please
how can it be?
 

1 Jan 2013     



cunliffe
United Kingdom

1) c - Erm, now then, the reason! It s a kind of subjunctive that we use after I wish. Hadn t met would be possible if the rest of the sentence was because I felt too tired.
2) a - raised. It s the past participle and actually it s acting as an adjective here as well. It has to be past, as the money has already been raised. 

You may get better explanations! I know they re right as I m English, but I m not absolutely certain why. An ESL speaker may be able to provide a better explanation, but I ve had a go!

1 Jan 2013     



memthefirst
Turkey

1.You are meeting Susan this afternoon.(Semantically future) This is already scheduled.As you are very tired and unwilling to go out you wish you weren t meeting her.
"wasn t meeting" is the right choice.


1 Jan 2013     



memthefirst
Turkey

for unreal situations we don t use present but past.
I wish I were rich. (I am not rich but I d like to be.)

1 Jan 2013     



ttopcu
Turkey

thanks

1 Jan 2013     



[email protected]
Japan

For part 1, there are 2 reasonable choices.

(a): I wish I hadn t met Sarah this afternoon as I feel too tired to go out.
(c): I wish I wasn t meeting Sarah this afternoon as I feel too tired to go out.

Why?
Because...

In (a) you are talking about the past and present.
You did meet Sarah - as a result you are tired (too tired to go out).

In (c) you are talking about the present and future.
Now you are tired, and because you are tired, your plan to meet Sarah is not good.

Note:
Admittedly, it is "correct" to use were rather than was (weren t / wasn t) in strictly grammatically correct English, however "was / wasn t" is also widely accepted in modern English as "correct" now.

If this is a test in which only one answer is "correct", please guide the students using context.

1 Jan 2013     



cunliffe
United Kingdom

Well done, Matthew. 
ttopcu - I notice that the ws of the day on iSLCollective is on constructions with I wish.  

2 Jan 2013     



crisholm
Spain

I agree it s wasn t meeting and raised , but it should be I wish I wasn t meeting... (the second I is missing!)
Best wishes for the new year!

2 Jan 2013