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ESL forum > Ask for help > must or had to in indirect speech?    

must or had to in indirect speech?



class centre
Belarus

must or had to in indirect speech?
 
dear friends! in different places i see different explanations on this issue. can you give me a definite answer whether to use must or had to in indirect speech?Thank you.

24 Mar 2021      



ascincoquinas
Portugal

Hi there!
 
Take a look at this link:  HAVE TO, MUST | Grammar | EnglishClub.
And in case you still have doubts best wait for native speakers.
 
ascincoquinas 

24 Mar 2021     



class centre
Belarus

Sure.thanks.

24 Mar 2021     



yanogator
United States

Formally speaking, present changes to past in indirect speech. Since must doesnīt have a past tense, it changes to had to.
 
You must eat your spinach.
   She told him that he had to eat his spinach.
 
In informal usage, in the US at least, we often keep the present tense, and say, "She told him that he must eat his spinach."
 
So, itīs a matter of how formal you want to be.

Bruce 

24 Mar 2021     



class centre
Belarus

Thank you,Bruce, very much. This american  way of using must  in indirect speech both in present and past  are in some 
Textbooks.  so it made me confused about  the rule. Now I have it clear. Thanks again
 
Natasha

25 Mar 2021